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U.S. Era 7

The Emergence of Modern America (1890-1930)

Primary Sources

  • African-American Pamphlets from The Daniel A.P. Murray Pamphlet Collection, 1820-1920 [Eras 4-7]
  • Calisphere Themed Collections
    • “Children in the Fields: The Life of the Hispanic Child Laborer during California’s Agriculture Explosion”
    • “The Changing Workplace”
    • “The Rise of Technology”
    • “Growing Ethnic Diversity”
    • “Early Advertising”
    • “Popular Culture”
    • “Everyday Life.”
  • Library of Congress Primary Source Sets
    • “Baseball: A Divided Society”
    • “Immigration Challenges for New Americans”
    • “The Inventive Wright Brothers”
    • “The NAACP: A Century in the Fight for Freedom.”
  • Additional American Memory digital collections 
    • “The Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920”
    • “Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904”
    • “World War I Newspaper Pictorials”
    • “Audio Recordings World War I and the 1920 Election”
    • “The South Texas Border, 1900-1920”
    • “Chicago: Destination for the Great Migration”
    • “Prosperity and Thrift: The Coolidge Era and the Consumer Economy, 1921-1929”
  • New York Public Library Resource Packet: The Progressive Era: provides a downloadable 8-page PDF document that includes photographs about woman suffrage and child labor along with discussion questions, writing prompts, and worksheets for students to make observations and inferences about the visual sources.
  • Sweatshop Exhibition: offers a virtual tour of the Smithsonian exhibit “Between a Rock and a Hard Place: A History of American Sweatshops, 1820 – Present.” Its “History” link provides images and text about the period 1880 – 1940.
  • Triangle Factory Fire: provides oral histories, cartoons, images, and historical essays about the sweatshop fire of 1911.
  • Great War Series: offers a collection of digital primary sources from World War I as well as four articles about the “Great War,” including the Eastern Front, the Western Front, and the battles in Africa and at sea.
  • Lusitania Online: provides detailed information about the luxury liner, its crew and passengers, and its sinking by a German submarine in 1915.
  • Red Scare: provides a digital database of images from Outlook and Literary Digest from 1918 to 1921.
  • Scopes Trial: Pictures, cartoons, biographies, and firsthand accounts about the “Monkey Trial” of 1925.
  • Marcus Garvey Papers Project: has a biography, photos, and audio of Garvey as well as sample documents from UCLA’s Universal Negro Improvement Association papers collection.
  • Negro League Baseball: has articles about baseball, Jim Crow, and desegregation, as well as oral histories and news about the former Negro League ballplayers.
  • Harlem, 1900-1940: has a timeline of the Harlem Renaissance along with online resources and instructional strategies to teach about New York’s African-American community.
  • Harlem Renaissance Resource Guide: provides a resource guide about women writers of the Harlem Renaissance.
  • Temperance and Prohibition: provides background information and firsthand accounts about the temperance movement.
  • Theodore Roosevelt: a digital version of the Smithsonian exhibition “Theodore Roosevelt: Icon of the American Century.” It features pictures from the National Portrait Gallery accompanied by a biographical narrative and information on Roosevelt’s friends and family.
  • The World of 1898: a digital exhibition from the Library of Congress, “The World of 1898: The Spanish-American War.” It provides maps, pictures, documents, and overview essays about the events and key people from the U.S., Cuba, Spain, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines.
  • WWI: Short academic essays about the war and virtual tours of life in the trenches.
  • WWI: PBS provides educational resources for its four-part series, “The Great War and the Shaping of the 20th Century,” along with timelines, maps of battles, historians’ analyses, and primary source texts and audio from the film.
  • WWI: digital archive of World War I documents includes images, treaties, official papers, diaries, personal memorials, and links to other World War I websites.
  • Alcohol & Temperance: a digital collection of broadsides, sheet music, pamphlets, and government documents from before and during Prohibition from the Brown University Library.
  • Flapper Station: provides images from the consumer society of the Roaring Twenties, including “flapper fashion,” antique automobiles, “art deco,” and silent movies.
  • Red Hot Jazz Archive: an interactive history of jazz before 1930, with hundreds of encyclopedic entries organized by bands, musicians, and historical essays, with recommended discographies.
  • Jazz Roots: many links to the roots of jazz from 1895 to 1920, including images, jazz’s ties to vaudeville, and the Cotton Club in Harlem.
  • History of Film: provides a comprehensive essay about films in the 1920s, “The Pre-Talkies and the Silent Era.”
  • Charles Lindbergh: an interactive website about the most popular celebrity of the 1920s. It includes information about his aviation and his personal life as well as movie clips, audio clips, and FBI files about Lindbergh. It also offers four downloadable lesson plans.

Lesson Plans

  • EDSITEment:
    • “Woodrow Wilson and Foreign Policy” (four lessons)
    • “From Neutrality to War: Postwar Disillusionment and the Quest for Peace, 1921-1930”
    • “The Road to Pearl Harbor: The Growth of U.S.-Japanese Hostility, 1915-1932”
    • “African American Soldiers After World War I” (two lessons
  • National Archives
    • “The 1897 Petition Against the Annexation of the State of Hawaii”
    • “Political Cartoons Illustrating Progressivism and the Election of 1912”
    • “Woman Suffrage and the 19th Amendment”
    • “Sow the Seeds of Victory!: Posters from the Food Administration During World War I.”
  • National Park Service: Teaching with Historic Places
    • “Carnegie Libraries: The Future Made Bright”
    • “Lafayette Park: First Amendment Rights on the President’s Doorstep (Woman Suffrage Protests)”
    • “Iron Hill School: An African-American One-Room School”
    • “Herbert Hoover: Iowa Farm Boy and World Humanitarian.”
  • American Memory Fellows 
    • “Tracking Down the Real Billy the Kid”
    • “Who Really Built America?”
    • “Suffragists and Their Tactics”
  • Age of Imperialism: provides background on American foreign intervention from the annexation of Hawaii to the Spanish-American War to the Panama Canal. It includes images, interactive maps, and lesson plans to teach a unit about the “Age of Imperialism.”

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